Key points in Critical Care Medicine:
Antidepressants in critical illness
“Adapted from Oxford Textbook of Critical Care-Oxford University Press 2016”
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), Serotonin Norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), Bupropion and Mirtazapine are typically the first-line agents for the treatment of depression in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting given their safety and tolerability.
- Serotonin syndrome is a significant risk in overdose of most antidepressants and can also be seen in the setting of combining more than one antidepressant.
- Stimulants can be used safely and effectively to treat apathy, loss of appetite, and low energy in ICU patients.
- Antidepressants should typically be continued during ICU stays (except in the presence of delirium), as abrupt cessation may produce withdrawal phenomenon.
- Current evidence does not recommend prophylactic initiation of antidepressants following trauma.